THE MAJOR GOLDRUSHES OF THE 1800s
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
1828: Dahlonega, Georgia. The first goldrush in U.S.A.
1830 - 1848: Active goldmining in Georgia, North Carolina, Alabama, Tennessee and Virginia.
1848: California: Gold discovered at Sutter's Mill near Coloma, El Dorado County by James Marshall.
1848 - 1850: The California Goldrush followed Marshall's discovery in the Counties of El Dorado, Placer, Mariposa, Nevada, Tuolumne,
Calaveras, Amador and Sierra, all of which were in the Sierra Nevada foothills inland from Sacramento.
1850: Alluvial gold found in the States of Washington (along the Yakima and Spokane rivers) and Nevada (in the Carson Valley).
1851: Oregon: Alluvial gold found in the State of Arizona in the Rogue River Valley and south of Coos Bay.
1856: Arizona: Old Spanish silver and gold mines near Tubac rediscovered.
1858: Colorado: A rush to a tributary of the South Platte River near present day Denver. Also gold found in Arizona at the Gila River.
1859: Colorado: The 'Pikes Peak or Bust' goldrush to the Rockies
1859: Nevada: Ex-Californian gold miners find silver and gold near Mount Davidson.
1860: Nevada: The Comstock Lode and Virginia City.
Looking for a Gold Miner in USA?
For all USA goldrushes, the miners appeared on the census. The Ancestry website has
the census online for 1830 (for the Southeastern USA goldrushes) and 1850 (for the above counties of California, and the States of Washington and Nevada).
For example the 1850 census for El Dorado County, Californa is made up largely of young men depicted as 'miner' and gives age, place of birth and usual place of
residence to help you identify them.
1856: British Columbia: There was a goldrush to the Fraser River and Barkerville.
1851: Victoria: The first official discovery of gold at Anderson's Creek, followed by rich discoveries at Ballarat.
1852: Victoria: A goldrush to Forest Creek, at the foot of Mt Alexander.
1852: Victoria: The great rush to Bendigo, Ballarat and Beechwood. Thtere is a huge crime problem with stick-ups and thefts of gold.
A rush from Bendigo to Korong late in the year.
Click to enlarge the image
The rush to Mt Alexander, Victoria, Australia in 1852.
(from the London Illustrated News).
1853: Victoria: Gold rushes to Tarnagulla, Jones Creek, Moliagul and McIvor (Heathcote). Then a rush to Avoca.
1854: Victoria: A great rush to Buckland Valley (Ovens) and to Avoca. The first rush to the upper Goulburn River and then Maryborough,
Yam Holes Hill and Creswick.
1855: Victoria: A rush to Fiery Creek.
1856: Victoria: The great rush to Dunolly and at Woolshed, Beechwood. This was the year of maximum yield on the Victorian goldfields.
1857: Victoria: Rushes to Campbells Reefs, Elysian Flat in the Whipstick, Boggy Creek at the Nicholson River and at Myrtleford.
1858: Victoria: There was a rush to Rokewood and Talbot.
1859: Victoria: Rushes to Emerald and to Brittania goldfields. Also to Moonnambel and Redbank.
1860: Victoria: Wahgunyah goldfield opened.
1861: South Island: Otago goldfield at Tuapeka opened and was rushed by Victorian miners.
1864: South Island: A rush to Hokitika on the West Coast.
1867: North Island: The goldfield at Thames was opened and a rush lasted until 1872.
Looking for a Gold Miner in New Zealand?
Try The Goldminer's Database