RECORDS FROM THE OTAGO GOLDFIELDS INCLUDED IN
THE GOLDMINER'S DATABASE
The Goldminer's Database found on this website is an index to original records of people mining for gold in New Zealand during the period 1861 to 1872. The following is a list of all the records for the Otago Goldfield (1861 - 1866) that are included in the Database.
TUAPEKA GOLDFIELD, OTAGO (includes Gabriel's Gully)
Tuapeka Magistrate's office 1861
This Book covers the first 6291 Miner's Rights issued at Gabriel's Gully in 1861.
Title: Miner's Rights Registration Book and Business Licenses, Tuapeka, Otago.
(There is an additional typescript index at ATL but it is incomplete, with numerous errors, and was not used for the Goldminer's Database.)
Date: 19 August - 1 November 1861.
Alexander Turnball Library Reference: qms-2045 Manuscript: 0713.
Present location of the original record book:
Alexander Turnball Library, Wellington, New Zealand
GOLDMINING RECORDS TO BE FOUND AT ARCHIVES NZ AT DUNEDIN
The following records are all located at ARCHIVES NZ, DUNEDIN, NZ.
Archives NZ at Dunedin have changed all the accession numbers for the Otago Mining Records. Thus many of the records in the Goldminers' Database do not have an up-to-date Source (Accession) number. Many of the Mining Records already transcribed are no longer even in the same order or associated with the same records that they were previously. In these cases, the title and date of the record will assist the Archivists to locate the records in their collection.
In addition, there are ongoing problems with the Collections Search online at the Archives NZ website. At present, it is not possible to make a search using the Agency Code, Series number and record number which makes looking up a reference found on the Goldminer's Database almost impossible. In addition, they have simultaneously changed all the Archives NZ reference numbers to a 'unique identifier' (the R number). The reference numbers used on the Database include the Agency code, followed by the series code and the volume number which will not change. Archives NZ staff will be able to give you the corresponding R number for each reference number found on the database so that you can order it and view the original record at Archives NZ.
THE LAWRENCE WARDEN'S COURT, OTAGO:
These are field books which include detailed descriptions of the various applications for mining privileges, with original claim-transfer
and mining agreement deeds written and signed by the miners.
Warden's Court Applications Books:
AAJC D98 G.7 1074 Tuapeka and Waitahuna Districts Claim Registrations Oct 1862 - Apr 1864
ABBO D98 1027 Tuapeka District Mining Privileges Nov 1862 - Sep 1863
ABBO D98 1028 Tuapeka District Applications Feb 1863 - Feb 1864
Mining Privilege Applications Butt Books:
Once the Mining Privilege was granted, a summary of the application was entered in the Mining Privilege Application Butt Book and the associated certificate was filled in, torn out of the butt book and given to the miner(s) concerned (illustrated below).
In Otago, a Mining Privilege Certificate cost 1 shilling and sixpence in 1862, going up to 2 shillings and sixpence by 1863.
AAJC D98 843 60A Lawrence Nov 1862 - Apr 1863 (1 - 108)
Lawrence Warden's Court Applications Butt Books:
ABBO D98 844 Lawrence Feb 1863 - Apr 1863 (52 - 101)
ABBO D98 845 Lawrence Apr 1863 - May 1863 (109 - 158)
ABBO D98 846 Lawrence May 1863 - Jun 1863 (159 - 208)
ABBO D98 847 Lawrence Jun 1863 - Jul 1863 (1051 - 1100)
ABBO D98 848 Lawrence Jul 1863 - Aug 1863 (1101 -1150)
ABBO D98 849 Lawrence Aug 1863 - Sep 1863 (1151 - 1200)
ABBO D98 850 Lawrence Nov 1863 - Dec 1863 (2151 - 2200)
ABBO D98 851 Lawrence Dec 1863 - Feb 1864 (2101 - 2150)
ABBO D98 852 Lawrence Feb 1864 - Mar 1864 (1401 - 1450)
ABBO D98 853 Lawrence Mar 1864 (1451 - 1499)
ABBO D98 854 Lawrence Mar 1864 - Apr 1864 (1501 - 1550)
ABBO D98 855 Lawrence Apr 1864 - Jun 1864 (2901 - 3000)
ABBO D98 856 Lawrence Jun 1864 - Jul 1864 (4101 - 4150)
ABBO D98 857 Lawrence Jul 1864 - Aug 1864 (4152 - 4200)
ABBO D98 820 Lawrence Aug 1864 (4801 - 4850)
ABBO D98 821 Lawrence Aug 1864 - Sep 1864 (4851 - 4900)
ABBO D98 822 Lawrence Sep 1864 - Oct 1864 (4901 - 4950)
ABBO D98 823 Lawrence Oct 1864 - Nov 1864 (4951 - 4999)
ABBO D98 824 Lawrence Dec 1864 - Jan 1865 (7651 - 7700)
ABBO D98 825 Lawrence Jan 1865 - Feb 1865 (7701 - 7750)
ABBO D98 826 Lawrence Feb 1865 - Mar 1865 (7751 - 7800)
ABBO D98 827 Lawrence Mar 1865 - Apr 1865 (7801 - 7850)
ABBO D98 828 Lawrence Apr 1865 - May 1865 (7851 - 7900)
ABBO D98 829 Lawrence May 1865 - Jun 1865 (9851 - 9900)
ABBO D98 830 Lawrence Jun 1865 - Jul 1865 (9901 - 9950)
ABBO D98 831 Lawrence Jul 1865 - Aug 1865 (9951 - 10000)
ABBO D98 832 Lawrence Aug 1865 - Sep 1865 (10001 - 10049)
ABBO D98 833 Lawrence Sep 1865 - Nov 1865 (10051 - 10100)
ABBO D98 834 Lawrence Nov 1865 - Dec 1865 (10101 - 10150)
ABBO D98 835 Lawrence Jan 1866 - Feb 1866 (1151 - 1200)
ABBO D98 836 Lawrence Feb 1866 - Mar 1866 (1201 - 1250)
ABBO D98 837 Lawrence Mar 1866 - Jun 1866 (1252 - 1300)
ABBO D98 838 Lawrence Jun 1866 - Jul 1866 (1301 - 1350)
ABBO D98 839 Lawrence Jul 1866 - Aug 1866 (1351 - 1400)
ABBO D98 840 Lawrence Sep 1866 - Oct 1866 (1401 - 1450)
ABBO D98 732 Waitahuna Aug 1862 - Jun 1863 (1 - 50)
Waitahuna District Warden's Office Applications Butt Books:
ABBO D98 733 Waitahuna Aug 1862 - Jan 1863 (1 - 50 )
ABBO D98 731 Waitahuna Feb 1863 - Apr 1863 (51 -100)
ABBO D98 759 Waitahuna Sep 1863 - Oct 1863 (2051 - 2099)
ABBO D98 758 Waitahuna Oct 1863 - Nov 1863 (1801 - 1850)
ABBO D98 757 Waitahuna Nov 1863 - Jan 1864 (1852 -1900)
ABBO D98 756 Waitahuna Jan 1864 - Feb 1864 (1201 - 1250)
ABBO D98 755 Waitahuna Feb 1864 - Mar 1864 (1251 - 1300)
ABBO D98 754 Waitahuna Mar 1864 - Apr 1864 (1301 - 1350)
ABBO D98 753 Waitahuna Apr 1864 - Jun 1864 (1351 - 1400)
ABBO D98 752 Waitahuna Jun 1864 - Jul 2864 (3901 - 3950)
ABBO D98 751 Waitahuna Jul 1864 - Aug 1864 (3951 - 4000)
ABBO D98 750 Waitahuna Aug 1864 - Oct 1864 (4001 - 4050)
ABBO D98 749 Waitahuna Oct 1864 - Nov 1864 (4051 - 4100)
ABBO D98 748 Waitahuna Nov 1864 - Dec 1864 (7401 - 7450)
ABBO D98 747 Waitahuna Dec 1864 - Jan 1864 (7455 - 7500)
ABBO D98 746 Waitahuna Jan 1865 - Mar 1865 (7501 - 7550)
ABBO D98 745 Waitahuna Mar 1865 - Apr 1865 (7551 - 7600)
ABBO D98 744 Waitahuna Apr 1865 - Jun 1865 (7901 - 7950)
ABBO D98 743 Waitahuna Jun 1865 - Aug 1865 (7951 - 8000)
ABBO D98 742 Waitahuna Sep 1865 - Dec 1865 (8001 - 8050)
ABBO D98 741 Waitahuna Dec 1865 - Jan 1866 (8051 - 8100)
ABBO D98 740 Waitahuna Jan 1866 - Feb 1866 (8101 - 8150)
ABBO D98 739 Waitahuna Feb 1866 - May 1866 (8151 - 8200)
ABBO D98 738 Waitahuna Apr 1866 - Jul 1866 (2251 - 2300)
ABBO D98 913 Apr 1863 - Mar 1865 (1- 50)
ABBO D98 914 Jun 1863 (251- 300)
ABBO D98 985 1865 - 1866 (211 - 2027)
ABBO D98 1029 Tuapeka District Mining Leases 1865
ABBO D98 726 Waitahuna Nov 1862 - Mar 1864
ABBO D98 872 Gabriels Gully 1862 - 1864
THE DUNSTAN WARDEN'S COURT, OTAGO
ABBO D98 23 Dunstan 1862 - 1865
Warden's Court Applications Books:
ABBO D98 7001 Alexandra 1862 - 1865
ABBO D98 7299 Clyde 1864 New Accession Number: DADO D589 23193 48K, 48l, 48o
DADO D537 20563 Box 11 15 Jun 1866 - 1867)
THE ARROWTOWN WARDEN'S COURT, OTAGO
AEPG D568 22784 Box 74 Arrowtown Registration Book 1863 - 1865
GOLD RECEIPT BOOK FROM THE LAKES DISTRICT MUSEUM, ARROWTOWN
THE MAIN WARDEN'S COURT OFFICES OF OTAGO COVERED BY THE DATABASE
- The districts administered from the LAWRENCE Warden's Office included the goldfields of Gabriel's Gully, Blue Spur,
Wetherstons (Weatherstones), Munro's Gully (Munroe's Gully), Tuapeka River and Tuapeka Flat, Beaumont and
the Molyneux River and the Lawrence Township.
- The districts administered from the WAITAHUNA Warden's Office included Waitahuna, Waipori, Woolshed and the Lammerlaw River.
- The districts administered from the DUNSTAN Warden's Court at Clyde included Manuherekia Gorge, Molyneux (Clutha) River, Kawarau Gorge, Cromwell, Alexandra, Nevis, Mt Benger and Potters.
- The districts administered from the ARROWTOWN Warden's Court included the Arrow River, upper Kawarau River, and Cardrona,
A MINER'S RIGHT CERTIFICATE
The first Miner's Right certificate (No 1) issued at Tuapeka (Gabriel's Gully) to John BORTON on 19th
of August 1861. This cost £1 Sterling and lasted for one year.
Click to enlarge the photo.
A CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION
Source: Archives New Zealand, Dunedin.
Click to enlarge the image
Above: A Certificate of Registration No 2065 for a water race at Woolshed,
issued by the Gold Warden at Waitahuna to John BONE, Jonas JOHNSON, Frederick HOLMES,
Robert KIRKWOOD, William OLIVER and William BENNETTO on 12 September 1863.
This certificate has been torn out of the Mining Privilege Butt Book (see perforations on the left hand side).
It would then have been handed to the group of miners, in this case working together on a water
race to provide the copious amounts of water needed to wash out the gold from the alluvial soil
it was buried in. It is very rare for these original Mining Certificates to have survived the rigours of the goldfelds and the 150 intervening years but this one never left the Warden's office, probably because it was a mailed-in request.
HINTS ON USING THE GOLDMINER'S DATABASE
THE TYPE OF EACH MINING RECORD REFERENCED
The types of Mining Privilege being applied for are listed in the Key to the Types of Records used in the Database:
RESULTS TABLE FROM THE GOLDMINER'S DATABASE
Click to enlarge the image
Above is an illustration of results obtained from The Goldminer's Database in a search for Robert Kirkwood, one of the miners applying for the Certificate of Registration. Note the first column labelled TYPE.
Because the information was in many cases entered both in the Warden's
Court Application's Book and in the Butt Books, and both have been transcribed, records of a particular transaction are often duplicated
in The GoldMiner's Database. This has proved useful because handwriting was often unreadable, so the duplicate is used to help interpret
the handwriting and ensure no miner's name is missed, if possible.
The applicant's Miner's Right number and date was written in the Warden's Court Application books (but not in the Butt Books). Since the
original Otago Miner's Rights record books (after 1861) have been lost, the Miner's Rights numbers after 1861 which are included in the Goldminer's
Databases come from these Warden's Court Application books. The reference number of the source is always included with the record, no matter where
it was taken from.
This refers to the type of Mining Privilege applied for, in this case: MR (Miner's Right) and WR (Water Race).
Because the Gold Wardens were issuing all kinds of Licences, Mining Privileges and Registrations, there are many types
of records included in The Goldminer's Database.
A Key to the different types of records can be found
on your database results page, just below the results table. There is also a full explanation on all the RECORD TYPES in the database.
There were surprisingly similar numbers of mining applications filed at the Waitahuna and Tuapeka/Gabriel's Gully Warden's Offices. It is not
known if any of these butt books are missing but the sequence between 1862 - 1866 does appear to be mostly complete for both offices, as can
be seen in the above lists.
However some names will be missing from the database because of poor handwriting and spelling. Often, the same miner could return to the office
on the same day with a new application, and the Warden would spell his name differently each time. It is very necessary, when using the
database to be very flexible with spelling.
Make use of the wildcard facility. By entering only four or five letters of either the first or last syllable of a complicated surname at a time,
you might be able to locate a name that is mispelt in the database. For instance, a name from the database is POLKINGHORNE which is spelt in a
variety of ways by the Warden. By entering POLK and using the wildcard, you will get all spellings. But if you enter POLKINGHORNE, even
with the wildcard, you will not get the entries spelt POLKINGHORN (and there were many examples of both spellings). Unless users persist in
this way, they will not get all the entries for a particular name that they may be looking for. Keep trying. Spelling was a bigger problem
in Otago than in Thames.
More information is available if you consult the original records. If an entry says 'Signed, Richard POLKINGHORNE' for instance,
this means that the miner's signature appears on the original record and it will be well worthwhile to view the original. Also, as can be
seen in the above illustration of a Certificate of Registration, the miners seldom worked alone. The only way to find out who a miner's
mates were is to find the original entry. (The groups of miners working together are sometimes but not very often identified on The Goldminer's
Goldmining Companies are included in The Goldminer's database. However they can only be searched by entering one word of the name
eg THE MAIDEN CITY GOLDMINING COMPANY can only be searched by putting MAIDEN in the search box and using the wildcard facility.
The Goldminer's Database is an ongoing project, with records continually being added. So check back from time to time.